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Energy saving and emission reduction "Twelfth Five Year Plan"

Update time:2015-12-24 20:07:14Click times:3230
To ensure the realization of the "Twelfth Five Year" energy-saving binding emission reduction targets, ease the constraints of resources and environment, in response to global climate change, and promote the transformation of economic development mode, building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society, enhance capacity for sustainable development, according to the law of the people's Republic of China national economy and social development in the twelfth five years plan ", to develop the planning.
First, the status quo and the situation
(a) "five eleven" energy saving and emission reduction achieved remarkable results.
"Eleventh Five Year" period, the state of energy consumption intensity decrease and the total discharge of major pollutants reduction identified as the national economic and social development of binding targets, the energy-saving emission reduction as the adjustment of economic structure, accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development an important starting point and a breakthrough. All regions and departments conscientiously implement the Party Central Committee, the State Council's decision to deploy, take effective measures to effectively increase the intensity of work, the basic realization of the "five eleven" plan to determine the energy-saving emission reduction targets, energy-saving emission reduction work has achieved remarkable results.
- to provide a strong support for maintaining steady and rapid economic development. "Five eleven" period, China's energy consumption with an average annual growth rate of 11.2% to support the national economy an average annual growth of 6.6%, energy consumption elasticity of the "fifteen" period of 1.04 down to 0.59, saving 6.3 tons of standard coal.
-- the trend of increasing energy consumption intensity and the main pollutant emissions in the rapid development stage of industrialization and urbanization in china. "Five eleven" period, the energy consumption per unit of GDP by "fifteen" after three years increased by 9.8% to fall 19.1%; sulfur dioxide and chemical oxygen demand emissions were increased by fifteen, three, 3.5%, 32.3% to 14.29%, 12.45%.
Promote the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure. 2010 compared to 2005, the power industry accounted for more than 300 MW thermal power installed capacity increased from 50% to 73%, the steel industry more than 1000 cubic meters of large blast furnace production capacity increased from 48% to 61%, building materials industry new dry process cement clinker production increased from 39% to 81%.
- to promote technological progress. In 2010 compared with 2005, coke dry quenching technology of iron and steel industry popularity rate increased from less than 30% to 80%, the cement industry low temperature waste heat recovery power generation technology popularization rate by started increased to 55%, caustic soda industry in ionic membrane caustic soda production technology popularization rate increased from 29% to 84%.
- energy saving and emission reduction capacity significantly enhanced. "Five eleven" period, through the implementation of energy-saving emission reduction projects, the formation of energy-saving capacity of 3.4 tons of standard coal; new urban sewage treatment capacity of 65 million tons, urban sewage treatment rate reached 77%; coal-fired power plant put into operation desulfurization unit capacity of kilowatts, accounting for 82.6% of all fire motor group capacity.
- - energy efficiency is greatly improved. In 2010 compared with 2005, power supply coal consumption by 370 grams of standard coal / kWh dropped to 333 grams of standard coal / kWh, down 10.0%; comprehensive energy consumption per ton of steel by 688 kilograms of standard coal down to 605 kilograms of standard coal, decreased by 12.1%; comprehensive energy consumption of cement decreased by 28.6%; fell 11.3% of the overall energy consumption of ethylene; comprehensive energy consumption in ammonia production dropped 14.3%.
- environmental quality has improved. In 2010 compared with 2005, the key environmental protection cities where the annual concentration of SO2 decreased 26.3%, surface water control section five bad water quality ratio fell by 27.4 percent to 20.8%, the seven major river systems in control section in the third class water proportion by 41% rise to 59.9%.
- to make an important contribution to the global climate change. "Five eleven" period, China's energy saving and consumption reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by 14.6 tons, has been widely praised by the international community, showing a good image of my responsible country.
Five eleven period, China's energy-saving regulations and standards system, policy support system, technical support system, the initial formation of the supervision and management system, focusing on pollution sources online monitoring and environmental law enforcement supervision combined with the initial establishment of emission reduction supervision and management system, the whole society to further enhance the awareness of energy-saving environmental protection.
(two) the main problems.
Some places on the energy-saving emission reduction urgency and arduousness of understanding insufficiency, one-sided pursuit of economic growth, swap structure, transfer mode do not pay enough attention, can not correctly handle the relationship between economic development and energy saving and emission reduction, energy saving and emission reduction work still exist ideas do not have a profound understanding of, policy measures are not implemented, supervision and inspection of the ineffective incentive constraint is not strong.
Two is the slow progress of the industrial structure adjustment. Five eleven period, the third industrial added value accounted for the proportion of GDP is lower than the expected target, heavy industry accounted for 68.1% of total industrial output value increased to 70.9%, high energy consumption, high emission industries grew too fast, the structure is not the goal of energy saving.
Three is the overall low efficiency of energy use. China's GDP accounts for about 8.6% of the world, but the energy consumption accounts for 19.3% of the world, the unit of GDP energy consumption is still the world's average level of more than 2 times. 2010 national iron and steel, building materials, chemical industry and other sectors of energy consumption than the international advanced level higher than the 10%-20%.
Four is the policy mechanism is not perfect. Is conducive to energy saving and emission reduction of the price, taxation, financial and other economic policies are not perfect, based on market incentives and restraint mechanism is not perfect, lack of innovation driven enterprises lack of energy conservation and emission reduction endogenous power.
Five is the foundation work is weak. Energy-saving emission reduction standards are not perfect, energy consumption and pollutant emissions measurement, statistical system construction is lagging behind, monitoring and monitoring capabilities need to be strengthened, energy-saving emission reduction management capacity can not meet the needs of the work.
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